EASY TRAVELS IN MOROCCO

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LOW ATLAS MOUNTAINS TRIPS

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ALL MOUNTAINS AND VALLEYS OF LOW ATLAS

MOUNTAINS AND VALLEYS OF LOW ATLAS

Anti-Atlas
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anti-Atlas
الأطلس الصغير
Panorama Djebel el Kest.jpg
A section of the Anti-Atlas near Tafraout. The peak in the background is Djebel el Kest.
Highest point
Peak Jbel Sirwa
Elevation 3,304 m (10,840 ft)
Dimensions
Length 670 km (420 mi) ENE/WSW
Width 180 km (110 mi) NNW/SSE
Geography
Atlas-Mountains-Labeled-2.jpg
Map of Northwest Africa with the Anti-Atlas in the lower left corner.
Country Morocco
Parent range Atlas Mountains
Geology
Orogeny Alleghenian
Age of rock Paleozoic
Climbing
Easiest route drive

The Anti-Atlas (Arabic: الأطلس الصغير‎‎), Lesser Atlas or Little Atlas is a mountain range in Morocco, a part of the Atlas Mountains in the northwest of Africa.[2] The Anti-Atlas extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the southwest toward the northeast, to the heights of Ouarzazate and further east to the city of Tafilalt, altogether a distance of approximately 500 km. The range borders on the Sahara to the south.[2]

The Anti-Atlas is a desolate world of rocky outcrops and lunar landscapes where the contrasts are extreme. Most of the land is dry and barren, but water gathers and runs in some remote places, forming clear basins. Villages in the area are limited to a few small houses surrounded by palm trees.

In some contexts,[2] the Anti-Atlas is considered separate from the Atlas mountain System, as the term "anti" implies.

Contents

1 Geography
1.1 Subranges
1.2 Origins
1.3 Climate
1.4 Flora
2 Human geography
2.1 Panoramic view
3 See also
4 Notes
5 References
6 External links

Geography

The summits of the Anti-Atlas reach average heights of 2,500–2,700 m (8,200–8,900 ft), with a few peaks reaching higher. To the north lies a plateau at 1700–1800 m in height. To the south lie the Sahara highlands at approximately 700 m. On the heights of Ouarzazate, the massif is cut through by the Draa valley, opening towards the south. The range is strongly fissured, particularly in a southerly direction.

The Anti-Atlas area is a traditionally Berber region, inhabited by the Chleuh group. It is sparsely inhabited and there are no large cities in the area. The main town is Tafraoute, which has been described as "Morocco's Berber heartland".[3] There are cave paintings in certain areas of the range.[4]
Subranges

The eastern prolongation of the Anti-Atlas is the Jbel Saghro range. The Jbel Sirwa is its northern prolongation, connecting with a section of the High Atlas range. The summit of Djebel Siroua, of volcanic origin, reaches 3304 m. The Jebel Bani is a much lower range running along the southern side of the Anti Atlas.[5]
Jebel Sirwa, highest point in the Anti-Atlas range.
Origins

The basement rock of Africa (the African plate) was formed in the Precambrian (approximately 4,500 to 550 million years ago), and is much older than the Atlas mountains. The Anti-Atlas range developed even later.

The Anti-Atlas range formed in the Paleozoic (~300 million years ago), as a result of continental collisions. North America, Europe and Africa were connected as part of two former continents, Euramerica and Gondwana, which ground against one another to create the former Central Pangean Mountains. Evidence shows that the Anti-Atlas mountains were originally formed as part of the Alleghenian orogeny that also formed the Appalachians, formed when Gondwana (including Africa) and Euramerica (America) collided. There are indications they were once a chain of mountains far higher than the Himalayas are today.
The Ameln valley

More recently, in the Paleogene and Neogene Periods (66 million to ~1.8 million years ago), the remaining mountain chains that today comprise the Atlas were uplifted as the land masses of Europe and Africa collided at the southern end of the Iberian peninsula. Erosion continued to reduce the Anti-Atlas range so that it is today less massive than the High Atlas range to the north.


Climate
In the Anti-Atlas, the precipitation annually is typically below 200 mm, while the climatic conditions on the north and west slopes are locally more wet and agriculturally favorable. Climatically, the mountains are separated from the Mediterranean's influence by the High Atlas to its north, and therefore they belong to the Saharan climate zone. The driest area is the Jbel Saghro.[6]


Flora
In the least dry areas to the west and the north, much of the land is covered with thyme, rosemary and other low-water-demand plants, such as argan. The quilt-like cover is endangered by overgrazing, and in the south little but thorn shrubs remain. The transition to the desert is gradual towards the south. The Moroccan citron is growing there, and uses as Jewish Etrog.
Human geography

The Anti-Atlas area is a traditionally Berber region, inhabited by the Chleuh group. It is sparsely inhabited and there are no large cities in the area. The main town is Tafraoute, which has been described as "Morocco's Berber heartland". Often the distances between one village and another are great, without any human presence in between[3] There are Neolithic cave paintings in certain areas of the range.[4]
Village in the Anti-Atlas

The landscape of the Anti-Atlas is marked by picturesque kasbah (small castles) in many places in the region. In former times, the kasbah was important as a place of shelter and as a supply depot for kinsmen. Close to these settlements, terraced fields with dry-stone retaining walls cover the landscape. However, increasingly houses are vacated and fields are left uncultivated. With the continued migration from the land, the irrigation systems necessary for agriculture are also decaying.
Panoramic view
Panorama of the Akouker
Panorama from Jbel Aklim
See also

Tata

Notes

Google Earth
"Anti-Atlas" (or Jebel Saghru), The Encyclopædia Britannica, 1910.
Tafraoute: Morocco's Berber heartland
Alain Rodrigue, L'art rupestre au Maroc : les sites principaux. p. 19
Des Montagnes du Sarho aux dunes de Merzouga

Sud-Maroc; Massif aux paysages lunaires

References

"Anti-Atlas" (or Jebel Saghru), The Encyclopædia Britannica, 1910.

External links

Media related to Anti-Atlas at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 30°00′N 8°30′W
Categories:

Atlas MountainsMountain ranges of Morocco

gallery/1024px-atlas-mountains-labeled-2

TREKKING;,HIKING AND TOURISM

Tafraout

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tafraout
Tafrawt / ⵜⴰⴼⵔⴰⵡⵜ
تافراوت
Town
[Tafraout is located in Morocco]
[Tafraout]
Tafraout
Location in Morocco
Coordinates:  29°43′N 8°58′W
Country  Morocco
Region Souss-Massa
Province Tiznit Province
Population (2004)
 • Total 4,931
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)

Tafraout (Arabic: تافراوت‎‎, Shilha Berber: ⵜⴰⴼⵔⴰⵡⵜ) is a town in Tiznit Province, Souss-Massa region, Morocco, in the central part of the Anti-Atlas mountains. According to the 2004 census it has a population of 4,931.[1]

Contents

  [hide] 

1Name and etymology
2Gallery
3Notes
4References

Name and etymology[edit]

The basic meaning of the Shilha feminine noun tafrawt is "basin or cistern in which water drawn from a well is poured", with a derived meaning "valley".[2] The centre of the town of Tafraout is actually situated in a small valley, at the foot of Lkest mountain.

A single male inhabitant is called in Shilha u Tfrawt, plural ayt Tfrawt; a single female inhabitant is ult Tfrawt, plural ist Tfrawt.[3]

Gallery[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Notes[edit]

Jump up^ "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 2013-01-05.
Jump up^ See Laoust (1936:123) "bassin ; citerne où s'accumule l'eau tirée d'un puits ou amenée d'une source"; Destaing (1938:288) "vallée".
Jump up^ Tfrawt is the annexed state of the noun Tafrawt; see the article Shilha language, section Prefixed nouns.

References[edit]

Destaing, E. (1938). Etude sur la tachelḥît du Soûs. Vocabulaire français-berbère. Paris: Leroux.
Laoust, E. (1936). Cours de berbère marocain. Dialectes du Sous du Haut et de l'Anti-Atlas. Deuxième édition revue et corrigée. Paris: Société d'éditions géographiques, maritimes et coloniales (first ed. Paris: Challamel, 1921).

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 Souss-Massa region

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Tiznit Province

Coordinates:  29°43′N 8°58′W

This Souss-Massa location article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

Categories: 

Populated places in Tiznit Province
Municipalities of Morocco
Souss-Massa geography stubs

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This page was last edited on 28 May 2017, at 02:08.

TAFRAOUTE AREA

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