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Trips from 2 days up to 45 days . Trekking ,Hiking ,Skiing ,Rock climbing , walking ...

Trips from 4 up to 12 days .

Natural lakes , uplands , cedar and oak forests ...

Discover Saghro mountains , Siroua mountains or Tafraoute Mountains ...


Discover the desert sand dunes either walking or by camel ride or 4x4 ...





Western High Atlas

In the west lies the oldest portion of the range. Its high point is the Jbel Toubkal at 4167 m, which is visible from the city of Marrakech. Jbel Toubkal lies in the Toubkal national park, which was created in 1942. The massif consists of Jurassic and Cretaceous formations notched by deep erosion-carved valleys. This part of the range includes the Ourika Valley, which is the only location in the High Atlas where the endangered primate, the Barbary macaque, Macaca sylvanus, is found; however, this primate is also found in parts of the Middle Atlas and the Rif, as well as parts of Algeria.[1] The Ourika Valley is also a location where a diverse flora was recorded as early as the 19th century.[2]


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Jbel Toubkal)
Tizi-n-Tubkal from the summit ridge
Highest point
Elevation 4,167 m (13,671 ft) [1]
Prominence 3,755 m (12,320 ft) [1]
Ranked 36th
Isolation 2,078 kilometres (1,291 mi)
Listing Country high point
List of Ultras of Africa
Coordinates 31°03′33″N 7°54′57″WCoordinates: 31°03′33″N 7°54′57″W
Toubkal is located in Morocco
Parent range Atlas Mountains
Topo map Toubkal Massif Map and Guide [2]
First ascent 12 June 1923 by the Marquis de Segonzac, V. Berger, and H. Dolbeau
Easiest route South cwm (hike in summer)

Toubkal or Tubkal (Arabic: توبقال‎‎ Tūbqāl; Tubkal, or Tubqal) is a mountain peak in southwestern Morocco, located in the Toubkal National Park. At 4,167 metres (13,671 ft), it is the highest peak in the Atlas Mountains, Anti Atlas, North Africa and the Arab World. It is an ultra prominent peak located 63 km south of the city of Marrakesh, and is a popular destination for climbers.


1 Tourism
2 Gallery
3 See also
4 References
5 External links

See also: Tourism in Morocco
The highest peak of Toubkal

The first ascent by Europeans was on 12 June 1923 by the Marquis de Segonzac, Vincent Berger and Hubert Dolbeau, but the mountain may have been climbed before that date.[3]

Trekkers usually approach the mountain from the road-end village of Imlil. Qualified guides can be hired, as well as porters, to carry equipment and food supplies higher into the mountains. For experienced mountaineers, guides are not required for the normal route, as it is a moderate hike and orientation is not a problem.

The normal route starts with an easy walk to the village of Aroumd. Past Aroumd a floodplain is crossed and the route follows the left slope of the valley southwards. The valley bends to the east to the tiny settlement of Sidi Chamharouch, which has grown around a Muslim shrine. At Sidi Chamharouch, the path leads over the stream and runs steeply uphill to the right side of the Isougouane valley, which leads to two stone-built refuges (old Neltner Refuge and new Refuge du Toubkal) that are often used as base camp at 3,207 m (10,522 ft). It is possible to buy good meals in the Refuge du Toubkal. Tents can be pitched near the refuges for a small charge.

From that point a path crosses the stream, climbs a steep scree slope to the east and enters a valley (corrie), then climbs another steep slope to reach a col (Tizi'n'Toubkal at 3,940m). At the col the route turns left (northwards) to the summit ridge of Jbel Toubkal. The 4,167m summit is crowned with a curious pyramidal metal frame and views take in most of the Atlas and Little Atlas Mountains.

The ascent during the summer (from May) is non-technical yet moderately difficult, only complicated by steep and slippery scree slopes and altitude sickness. Sturdy boots and proper (windproof) clothing are required, and trekking poles are helpful on the scree. An ice-axe may be needed on the remaining snowfields in the early summer. The ascent during the end of the winter and spring (February/March) is more difficult. Crampons are necessary to ascend through the snow and - in some cases - ice.

It is possible to climb the mountain in two days - first day up to the refuge (around seven hours), second day to the summit (around five hours) and back to Imlil (up to five hours).

In summer the mountains can be very dry, but are sometimes subject to storms. Although the temperature should remain above zero during the day, freezing conditions are possible over 3,500m. In winter the mountains are covered in snow and ice, and can be prone to avalanches. Skiing is possible as the snow can lie to considerable depth and cover many rocky slopes. Information about state of the route can be obtained at Marrakech tourist offices or at Imlil.
360 degree panorama from the summit

Birds soaring above the path to the summit

Jbel Toubkal in December 1930. Air photo taken by Swiss pilot and photographer Walter Mittelholzer.

Hikers midway to the summit

Hiker on toubkal

Spring water near the summit

See also

Nearby villages of Asni, Ikkiss, Imlil and Tacheddirt.


"Africa Ultra-Prominences" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-01-14.
Toubkal Massif Map and Guide (Map) (1st ed.). 1:160,000 with mountaineering information. High Atlas Mountains. Cartography by EWP. EWP and West Col Productions. 2008. ISBN 978-0-906227-98-5.

Robin G. Collomb, Atlas Mountains, Goring: West Col, 1980

External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toubkal.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Jebel Toubkal.

Routes up Mount Toubkal
Summitpost.org page about Jbel Toubkal
Photo Gallery of Jebel Toubkal and the High Atlas
Refuge information

  • TOUBKAL SUMMIT (4170m) /2days

  • TOUBKAL SUMMIT (4170m) /3days








Morocco High Atlas mountain walking trails TOUBKAL NATIONAL PARK

There are a variety of trekking opportunities that rival the busy Toubkal region trekking mecca in many ways. The hiking trails we have chosen below are a mix of Berber villages and wilder high country among the peaks and valleys of the front ranges. These are generally short treks for 3, 4 and 5 days and have their own charm and walking challenges in a variety of landscapes. High Atlas trails starting from Imlil 1.5 hours drive from Marrakech are busy with trekkers hiking to and from Toubkal, but just one valley away you will experience quiet villages on high elevation trails linking valley to valley, used by local people going about their daily lives. You will stay in Berber inns (gites) in the villages or wild camp, and mules carry your food and gear so you can travel light and can explore as much as you wish.

Sample High Atlas Walking Treks

Imlil to Imi Ouglad

3 to 5 days - May to October.
Level Medium Easy
Little visited but close to Marrakech - western Toubkal high passes and plateaus, juniper forests, pretty valley villages and farms, ancient hazelnut groves. Choice of wild camping and Berber guest houses.

Western High Atlas

4 days - April to October.
Level Medium
This high elevation circuit starts at Imlil, and immediately traverses over a number of high passes on the front slopes of the High Atlas. High trails descend to remote villages where Berber life goes on unchanged as it has for centuries. Stay are with Berber families and wild camping.

Setti Fatma to Tighdwine

4 or 5 days - April to October.
Level Medium
Near Marrakech, this lovely high traverse across the shoulders and valleys of the snowy High Atlas peaks, east to west, with stays in guest houses. Trails thorough juniper forests, upland passes and Berber villages.


English speaking Berber guides,
Mule handlers and mules for luggage,
Cook and kitchen,
Tents and matresses (sleeping bags), refuge shelter or gite d'tape (small Berber inn)
Complete meals during the trek,
(vegetarians welcome),
Treks run with 2 or more trekkers,
Price does not include flights, personal insurance, purchases, and tips,
Transfer costs to and from the trailhead will be calculated according to distance and added onto total cost.



Personal effects


What you need to know about trekking in Morocco

Because the High Atlas can involve some challenging elevation gains and losses over continuous passes (2000 m+), most High Atlas treks are rated medium, meaning you should have recent experience hill hiking, carrying a light day-pack, and a tolerance for climate changes. You will need light hiking style shoes or boots with a full-tread sole and good quality outdoor clothing. Spring and fall, snow remains on the high peaks. Nights might be cold and the days can be hot and sunny. We have a list of what you will need to bring below.

Fitness requirements: You should be confident of your fitness and endurance levels. The main recommendation is a sense of adventure! There is no age limit providing that you are in reasonable physical shape and you are aware of the rigors of trekking in higher elevations and have proper travellers insurance. Please make a point of telling us (quietly if you wish) if you have any medical condition/allergies or are on any medication that you think we should be aware of. We are out there for a great time and we want you to feel comfortable in your environment.

Accommodation in villages inns called gites with kitchens, sleeping areas and showers, or dome tents or, since Morocco is one of the the few areas of the world where warm temperatures combine with an absence of insects, you can sleep under the stars. Nothing can compare with a night under the brilliant starlight of North Africa. Tents, mattresses, fully equipped kitchen, food and personal baggage are carried by mules. You carry only a day pack for your water, snacks, camera and clothing. We have a limited number of sleeping bags, so you might be required to bring your own. We'll do our best to help you out with this.

All Food is included on trek and is very healthy, including Couscous, Tagine, fresh eggs, fish, olives, nuts and fruit. Please let us know whether you are vegetarian. Apart from eggs and fish (Tuna and Sardine) often served at lunch time with vegetable salad, there is not a lot of meat and when meat is available, separate dishes such as vegetarian Tagine is prepared.

Bottled water is usually available, but you might need to use your own method to purify water. Occasional villages allow for purchasing good quality bottled water along the way.

Some people like to bring their own treats and food supplements if they have special dietary requirements. If you like to drink herbal teas, bring your own. Moroccan tea tends to be a real energy booster with Gunpowder green mixed with copious amounts of sugar (refreshing and delicious!). Sugarless tea can be requested but not necessarily understood! Make use of your duty free allowance to obtain your favourite tipple.

As we are trekking in high mountains, geological variations create a full range of climatic conditions, which means it can get cold, wet, and windy. Bring a warm fleece and light weight wind jacket and long pants. During the day temperatures are relatively warm or hot, and normal attire with t-shirts and shorts will be fine. On average you can expect daytime temperatures of 20–30+ degrees Celsius.

What To Bring on a Walking Trek

*denotes essential or highly recommended

Pack light and pack tight.
Sleeping bag*
Day-pack *
sunglasses *
water bottles (collapsible bladders pack flat!) *
towel (ghites and refuges don't always have them) *
ziplock baggies *
toilet paper * (buy it in Morocco)
needle and thread / safety pins
camera, batteries, memory cards, or film – bring lots!
sealable bag for your Digital camera* (essential!! for sand/dust)

sarong (can double as a towel, lightweight sheet or scarf)
cotton long sleeved shirt (for intense sun) *
light wind-proof jacket
a hat (sun) *
warm socks*
light weight gloves*
lightweight long pants *
2-3 T-shirts
woolen sweater/fleece *
cotton scarf (doubles as a wash cloth)
Hiking boots or hiking shoes*

First aid – make sure you use water proof labelling if re-packaging
disinfectant creme / gel (Polysporin)
Ibufrofen (Advil or generic – for pain, swelling) *
Tylenol (colds and fever)
cold medication – Echanacia / zinc lozenges
Aloe vera gel (for burns)
Anti-hystamine tablets
diahrrea medication (Immodium) *

sunblock *
sanitary supplies with ziplock baggies to carry out
moisturiser / lip balm with sunblock *
simple english books / magazines / music – (cassette tapes are common in Morocco and make great gifts.)
small torch / flash-light (small bicycle lights make good travelling torches)
nail clippers
soap / shampoo / toothpaste / toothbrush etc *
prescriptions in original containers
ear plugs *

Please remember that things do change, prices go up and down, activities stop running or change format and weather can send the best laid plans out the door. We will do our best to provide what is described above but please take into consideration the nature of the journey that you are embarking on and the country that you are traveling in and understand that a certain degree of flexibility is necessary!

Toubkal Valleys and Summit
This trip is a great opportunity to trek in the High Atlas, have spectacular views, meet local Berber people and experience the vibrant atmosphere of Marrakech…
Trekking in Toubkal area is definitely one of the best ways to explore Morocco.
This trip is one of the most beautiful treks in Toubkal massif where friendly and welcoming Berber natives live a simple daily life. During our trip we will climb Toubkal summit and be amazed of the varied colours of the scenery. We can admire spectacular views of luxuriant valleys with terraced fields and learn about the specialty flora and fauna of the area.
We will also have the chance to experience Berber village life, mix with local people and dance and drum with them.
The trip ends in Marrakech, where we will have opportunity to visit the most famous places of the ‘Red city’: get lost in the labyrinthine narrow streets or souks and enjoy the atmosphere of the most famous Moroccan square, the Djemaa el-Fna.
Day 1 / Arrive in Marrakech
Arrive in Marrakech – the ‘Red city’ – any time and meet your guide in the hotel or riad.
Lodging: hotel or riad
Provision: -
Day 2 / Marrakech – Tizian
We leave Marrakech after breakfast and drive to Tassa Ouirgan via Asni. This is the place where we meet our team and once we helped the muleteers to put our staff in the baskets, we begin walking along the valley towards Tizian (1700 m). We stop for lunch near the river. In the afternoon we cross the pretty villages of Ait Mzian Valley to settle in a camping near to the river for the night.
Lodging: camping
Provision: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Walking: 4 hours
Altitude: 200 m gain, 30 m loss
Day 3 / Tizian – Tazaghart
Today’s walk is up the mountain. We first cross the amazing village of Tizi Oussem and then walk through a juniper forest to enjoy the scenery view down. We have lunch at the waterfall of d’Ighoulidem and spend the night in Tazaghart (3030 m).
Lodging: camping or small hut
Provision: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Walking: 5-6 hours
Altitude: 1230 m gain, 20 m loss
Day 4 / Tazaghart – Neltner Refuge
Today we start our climb up to Toubkal. To begin we struggle a steep path (with 92 bends) that leads up to Tizi Aguelzim pass (3550 m). We enjoy views over the Toubkal massif (including the summit, as well as the North face of the mountain and plain of Marrakech). From here it is a long zigzag descent to Nelter Hut (3207 m), where we camp around.
Lodging: camping
Provision: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Walking: 5 hours
Altitude: 550 m gain, 300 m loss
Day 5 / Neltner Refuge – Toubkal Summit – Sidi Chamharouch
We start early in the morning to follow a well-worn route to the Toubkal summit (4167 m). This is the highest peak in North Africa, where we enjoy beautiful views of the entire Atlas range and the Marrakech plains beyond. We return to base camp for lunch, and later we descend to our camp near Sidi Chamharouch shrine (2700 m) close to the river.
Lodging: camping
Provision: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Walking: 7 hours
Altitude: 960 m gain, 1460 m loss
Day 6 / Sidi Chamharouch – Aroumd
This day is going to be an easy day, passing through Sidi Chamharouch shrine. We enjoy spectacular views over the Imnan Valley. The trail leads us towards Aroumd (1900 m), one of the most striking villages in the region, where we spend the night.
Lodging: gîte (mountain hut)
Provision: breakfast, lunch, dinner
Walking: 3 hours
Altitude: 300 m gain
Day 7 / Aroumd – Marrakech
In the morning we take a short walk (40 min) to Imlil and transfer back to Marrakech. In the afternoon we have enough time in Marrakech to sample some sights and sounds of the ‘Red city’ like the medina, the souqs, the Koutoubia Mosque or the Koranic School. We can finish the day in the well-known open-air central square, the Djemaa el-Fna famous for its food stalls, snake charmers, water-sellers and acrobats.
Lodging: hotel
Provision: breakfast
Day 8 / Leave Marrakech
End of trip and we say goodbye. Have a nice flight back to home.
Depending on the time of your flight you may have time to visit some more sights like the Saadian tombs (back to 16th century), the Bahia Palace or the beautiful Majorelle Gardens. Please note that we are able to organise a post-trip accommodation if you wish to extend your stay for a few more days.
Lodging: -
Provision: breakfast

In the beginning and end of the season (i.e. May and September) there can be still snow in some places in the mountains and therefore we might need to modify the program and/or itinerary of the trip.
The overall grade of this trip is moderate though it includes climbing Toubkal summit which is rather difficult. (Climbing the summit is optional and those who do not wish to do, can stay in the base camp.)
In mountain huts (gîtes) there is shared accommodation and shared facilities (shower and toilet) are available.
In the campsites we have two-person Igloo tents (with mattress) and shared facilities (toilet tent), but no shower is available.
Services Included
Transport within Morocco:
transfers between the Marrakech hotel and the High Atlas Mountains by comfortable minibus, Four-Wheel Drive vehicles (4WD) or taxi (depending on the size of the group)
walking (5 days)
bearing of luggage by mules
All accommodations: hotels/riads, camping, gîtes (mountain huts)
All breakfasts, five lunches and five dinners (7B, 5L, 5D)
Professional tour leader and local staff during the whole trip:
Berber mountain guide certified by Morocco’s Ministry of Tourism to give you interesting information about the places you visit, the history and the culture of the country
local Berber cook, who will introduce you to the cuisine of Morocco
a devoted team of experienced drivers and muleteers
Communal tents (kitchen tent including equipment and toilet tents) and sleeping tents (two-person Igloo tents) with mattress
Services NOT Included
Flight ticket to and from Morocco
Airport transfer (available for extra charge)
Insurance covering all your adventure activities (obligatory, please bring a copy with you)
Lunch and breakfast in Marrakech (allow 10 to 15 Euros for each meal)
Soft drinks and personal purchases all over the trip
Entrance fee to monuments and optional activities (e.g. hammam)
Tipping local staff (tour guide, driver, muleteers) – not obligatory, only if you are satisfied
All breakfasts are included
All other meals during the trek (5 days) are also included:
Lunch: varied salads, hot dish, dessert
Snack of tea or coffee with biscuits or cook’s specialty
Dinner: soup, traditional hot dish, dessert, hot drinks (tea, coffee, hot chocolate)
All other meals and drinks (e.g. water) will be for your expenses. Your guide will help you to discover the local restaurants
Please inform us of any dietary, vegetarian or special meal requirements at the time of reservation
Highlights included
High Atlas (Toubkal), Marrakech
Walking, nature, local people, camping, hammam (optional)
Transport during the tour
Walking (5 days)
Minibus, 4WD or taxi
Mules (to carry our staff and luggage)
Hotel/riad: 2 nights
Camping/mountain hut: 5 nights
Meals included
All (7) breakfasts
5 lunches
5 dinners

Runs from May to October